Charmaine Whiteface and Defenders of the Black Hills, Lakota Nation, USA
2007 in Salzburg
In 2002, Charmaine White Face, an Oglala woman from the Pine Ridge reserve, founded the "Defenders of the Black Hills" organization with like-minded people. The extraction of uranium has led to a major radioactive contamination in the south and west of the mountains. To this day, the former boreholes, sinkholes and flood basins are waiting for remediation and provide increased radioactive contamination.